Lyric Writing: Writing Lyrics to Music

Author: Pat Pattison | Course Code: OSONG-222

Placing that perfect lyrical idea into a melody without it sounding unnatural is a common obstacle to many songwriters. An unfortunate setting of a word or phrase can sink the emotion of the song, calling your listener's attention away from WHAT you are saying to HOW you are saying it. Writing Lyrics to Music analyzes a variety of song forms to instruct you on key lyrical and melodic components: stressed and unstressed beats, rhyme positions, melodic sections, and tone. You'll work through different musical feels and time signatures, and discover how the natural shapes of the words follow the shape of the melody, ultimately creating a much more expressive composition. This is a "can't miss" course - it's bound to take your writing to the next level. It will also make you a more valuable co-writer.

By the end of this course, you will:

  • Identify stressed, non-stressed and secondary syllables in a lyric line
  • Write your own lyric patterns to match musical patterns
  • Identify rhyme and hook positions within a song
  • Define 3/4 and 4/4 writing styles
  • Create the melody, verse and chorus lyrics
  • Work with multiple note values and swing time phrasing in 4/4 time
  • Work with bridges and pre-choruses
  • Gain independence and confidence in the writing process

Lesson 1: Stress in Language

  • Identifying Stressed and Unstressed Syllables in a Lyric Line
  • Notating the Rhythms of Stress Patterns
  • Writing Your Own Patterns to Match Existing Patterns
  • Identifying Secondary Stresses

Lesson 2: Musical Stress

  • Identifying Stressed and Unstressed Positions in a Musical Bar
  • Notating the Rhythms of Musical Stress Patterns
  • Writing Your Own Lyric Patterns to Match Musical Patterns

Lesson 3: More Musical Stress

  • Stressed Positions Caused by Isolating a Note
  • Stressed Positions Caused by a Rest before a Note
  • Stressed Positions Caused by Lesser Note Values Preceding a Note
  • Stressed Positions Caused by Anticipating a Note

Lesson 4: Melody in 3/4 Time

  • Stressed and Unstressed Syllables in Our First Song Section
  • Matched and Unmatched Phrases in the Song Section
  • Rhyme Positions in the Song Section
  • The Hook Position in the Song Section

Lesson 5: Creating the Lyric

  • Brainstorming a Title, Using a Rhyming Dictionary
  • Developing Ideas That Move the Song Forward
  • Identifying Special Positions in the Melody
  • Creating Contrasting Ideas
  • Finishing the Song

Lesson 6: Melody in 4/4 Time

  • Creating a Straightforward Setting in 4/4 Time
  • Working with Multiple Note Values
  • Identifying Cases of Stressed Notes on Weak Beats
  • Identifying Anticipations
  • Working in a Verse/Chorus Format

Lesson 7: Creating the Verse/Chorus Lyric

  • Gaining Speed and Experience Brainstorming from a Title
  • Working with Longer and Shorter Phrases
  • Working More Easily with Contrasting Sections
  • Constructing Effective Bridges

Lesson 8: 4/4 time; Multiple Note Values

  • Working with a More Complex Setting in 4/4 Time
  • Working with Multiple Note Values
  • Working with Sections Whose Note Values Are Different
  • Identifying Anticipations More Quickly
  • Working in a Simple Verse/Chorus Format

Lesson 9: Creating the Lyric

  • Gaining Speed and Experience Brainstorming from a Title
  • Working with a More Complicated Arrangement of Matched Phrases
  • Writing Lyrics for More Complex Structures
  • Developing Your Setting Up Rhyme Schemes

Lesson 10: 4/4 Swing Time; Phrasing

  • Working with a More Complex Song Form
  • Working with Swing Rhythm
  • Gaining Independence and Confidence in the Analysis Process
  • Skipping a Few Steps

Lesson 11: Creating the Lyric; Sectional Contrasts

  • Gaining Independence and Confidence in the Writing Process
  • Dealing Effectively with More Complex Structure
  • Working with Two Kinds of Bridges: Prechoruses (or "Transitional Bridges") and Primary Bridges

Lesson 12: The Last Mile

  • Gaining Independence and Confidence in the Writing Process
  • Working with Two Kinds of Bridges

Pat Pattison

Author

Pat Pattison is an author, clinician and Berklee Professor of Lyric Writing and Poetry whose students have composed for major artists and written number one songs. At Berklee, he developed the curriculum for the only songwriting major in the country. His books, including Songwriting: Essential Guide to Rhyming and Songwriting: Essential Guide to Lyric Form and Structure, are recognized as definitive in their genre, and have earned many ecstatic reviews. His clinics are attended by songwriters all over the country, and his articles appear regularly in a variety of industry publications.


Andrea Stolpe

Instructor

Andrea Stolpe is a multi-platinum recorded songwriter, performing artist, and educator. She has worked as a staff writer for EMI, Almo-Irving, and Universal Music Publishing, with songs recorded by such artists as Faith Hill, Daniel Lee Martin, Julianne Hough, and others. Andrea is the author and instructor of the course Commercial Songwriting Techniques, part of Berklee Online's online songwriting program. Recently released in fall of 2007, her book Popular Lyric Writing: 10 Steps to Effective Storytelling describes how to apply a unique process for uniting our artistic voice with the commercial market.

Andrea graduated with a degree in songwriting from Berklee College of Music. She continues to tour and promote her solo release, "Breaking Even," and serve as a guest clinician nationally and abroad. Andrea lives in Los Angeles with her husband, recording engineer Jan Teddy.

Prerequisites

None required


Required Textbooks

Writing Better Lyrics (Second Edition) by Pat Pattison, Writer's Digest Books

Songwriting: Essential Guide to Lyric Form and Structure by Pat Pattison, Berklee Press/Hal Leonard

Songwriting: Essential Guide to Rhyming (2nd Edition) by Pat Pattison, Berklee Press/Hal Leonard

The Complete Rhyming Dictionary by Clement Wood, Dell Publishing


Software Requirements

  • A basic audio recording tool that will allow you to record yourself playing and save the recording in MP3 format. You will have a tool to use for this purpose inside the learning environment. Alternatively, you can use software like Audacity or GarageBand.
  • Mac Web Browser: Firefox (Recommended), Chrome, or Safari
  • PC Web Browser: Firefox (Recommended), Chrome, Internet Explorer, or Edge
  • Flash Player (if using the Record Live tool)

Hardware Requirements

Mac Users

  • OS X 10.7 or later
  • 2 GB RAM
  • 500 MB hard drive space
  • Sound card
  • Speakers or headphones
  • A built-in microphone or an external microphone plugged directly into your computer (via built in ports or an external audio interface)
  • Webcam

PC Users

  • Windows Vista SP2 or higher
  • Intel Pentium 4 or higher
  • 1 GB RAM
  • 500 MB hard drive space recommended
  • Sound card
  • Speakers or headphones
  • A built-in microphone or an external microphone plugged directly into your computer (via built in ports or an external audio interface)
  • Webcam

Comments

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Next Term Starts January 9


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