Audio Post Production for Film and TV

Author: Mark Cross | Course Code: OMPRD-389

The growing innovation of digital technology in media has changed the perspective on audio post production for film and television. The post production industry is now driven by the advent of digital audio, video and effects within digital audio workstations. Despite this imploding digital revolution, the one thing that remains consistent is the need for individuals thoroughly educated in the process and applications of this technology and evolving into technicians with creative problem solving skills.

Audio Post Production for Film and TV will teach you the specific techniques and strategies used by working professionals during the post-production process. You will learn how to spot, edit, and assemble dialogue, sound effects, foley, and music, in addition to mixing and prepping the audio for film and television using the industry standard, Pro Tools. The course begins with a real-world overview of audio post production, including its evolution, methods, sound crew, and media formats. It then explores techniques and tips for recording location sound, using sound effects libraries, editing production dialogue, and directing and recording a foley session. You will learn strategies for working with composers and music supervisors, how to edit songs to fit a scene, and how to record and mix score music. In addition, you will learn how to assemble a pre-dub or temp mix (to group and sub-mix tracks into stems for the final dub), create the final dub, and prepare the mix for foreign distribution and final delivery. Contributors to the course material have worked on television and film productions such as Curb Your Enthusiasm, The Hills, Cider House Rules, U2 Rattle and Hum, Rescue Me, Grey's Anatomy, and many more.

Throughout the course, you will have numerous opportunities to apply the techniques you are learning to real-world situations. By the end of the course, you will have completed full audio post-production, including sound design (sound effects), foley, dialogue, and music for a short film or portion of a film. In addition, you will have acquired the knowledge and skills needed to gain employment in this fast-paced and exciting industry.

By the end of the course, you will be able to:

understand the roles of participants in film productionunderstand the workings and flow of the post production industrysynchronize audio to video and filmrecord and edit location soundintegrate sound effectsrecording and edit ADR (replacement dialogue)create and edit foley effectsmix and edit musiccreate a mix for foreign distributionarchive and deliver a final mix

Lesson 1: Introduction to Post Production

Audio Post Production OverviewAssessing the Post Elements in a QuickTime MovieThe History and Evolution of Sound for Film and TheaterBasic Pro Tools Set Up for Post ProductionImporting a QuickTime Movie into Your Pro Tools Session

Lesson 2: Post Production in Depth

The Process, Methods, Tools, and People of Production and Post ProductionPost Production MediaDigital Audio File FormatsFilm and Video Formats and ApplicationsSynchronizationEnsuring that the SMPTE Reader in Pro Tools and QuickTime are the Exact Same

Lesson 3: Location Sound Recording

The Process, Methods, and Tools of Location SoundIntroduction to the Location Sound CrewIn Depth Look at TransfersReviewing and Assessing the Location Sound Schedule for a Feature Film

Lesson 4: Working with SFX and SFX Libraries

Introduction to Sound FX and SFX CDTransferring SFX to Computer and Managing Data with WorkspaceSpotting SFXImporting and Creating a Palette of SFX for a ProjectBackgrounds and Room TonesSpotting/Identifying Backgrounds for a QuickTime MovieSpotting, Editing, and Assembling SFX and Backgrounds for a QuickTime Movie

Lesson 5: Production Dialogue and ADR/Dialogue Replacement

Introduction to Production Dialogue and ADRSetting Up a Pro Tools Session for ADRProduction Dialogue and Checker Boarding within Pro ToolsPresentation of ADR with regards to Production DialogueIdentifying/Spotting Expletives in a QuickTime Movie and Listing Them on the ADR Cue SheetPreparing Physical Studio Space for Voice RecordingRecording Voice Over for Announcer in a QuickTime Movie

Lesson 6: Identifying and Creating Foley SFX

Introduction to FoleyPreparing a Pro Tools Session for Multiple Passes of Foley FXSpotting Foley and Creating Cue SheetsSpotting and Preparing to Record Foley for a Simple ScenePreparing a Physical Studio Space for Foley RecordingDirecting and Recording a Foley SessionRecording Spotted Foley for a QuickTime Movie

Lesson 7: Temp and Source Music Editing for Film and TV

Introduction to Music EditingAssessing the Music Elements of a QuickTime MoviePresentation of Temp and Source MusicPlacing Temp and Source Music in a QuickTime MovieTechniques for Editing Temp MusicChoosing from the Music Provided and Placing/Editing Temp and Source Music for a QuickTime Movie

Lesson 8: Mixing Music for Film and Television

Introduction to Score Music and the ParticipantsCreating a Pro Tools Template for Mixing Music in StemsThe Process of Score MixingIdentifying Music Score Music in the QuickTime Movie and Note the Pre-Records Used with the OrchestraUsing Pro Tools as a Platform for Recording and Mixing Music for Film and TelevisionApplying the Pro Tools Music Mixing Template to the Score Provided and Set Up for a MixMixing the Music Score Elements for a QuickTime Movie

Lesson 9: The Pre Dub/Temp Mix

Assessing the Post Production Elements for a Movie Clip Prepared by Editorial (Foley, SFX, Backgrounds, Dialogue, ADR, Walla, Music Score, and Source)Interview with Three Working Professionals on the Applications and Benefits of Pre DubsTrimming, Editing, and Leveling to Clean Up the Post Production Elements for a QuickTime MovieTrack Organization TechniquesPre Dub (Editing, Cleaning, Organizing, and Creating a More Manageable Track Count) for the Elements of a Quick Time Movie

Lesson 10: The Final Dub

Introduction to the Final Dub and Presentation of Dub Stages Big and SmallTemplates for Different ScenariosCreating a Stereo Template for a Final Film MixPlugins for Mixing Dialogue, Music, and EffectsAugmenting the Template for Dialogue, SFX, and Music UnitsIntroduction to Advanced TemplatesCreating an Advanced Template for a Final DubCreating a Final Mix for the Elements for a QuickTime MovieAdvanced Pro Tools Template Creation for Final DubsCreating a Final Mix for a QuickTime Movie

Lesson 11: The M&E Mix (Music and Effects Mix for Foreign Distribution)

Introduction to the M&EIdentifying and Documenting Any Discernible English Dialogue from the Music and Effects StemsDifferent M&E Scenarios, Situations, and TechniquesEffectively Removing Any Discernible English Dialogue from the Music and Effects StemsMix Techniques Used to Breathe Life Back into the M&EIdentifying and Documenting Holes in the Mix Created by the Lack of Production DialogueReplacing/Recreating All Discernible English in Music and Effects Stems/Gap Filling TechniquesCreating an M&E Mix from the Print Master and Stems from Lesson 10

Lesson 12: Delivery and Archiving

Deliverables, Formats, and DeadlinesPreparing Deliverables in Pro ToolsTestingVerifying Functionality DeliverablesFinal Implementation and DeliveryPreparing Sound AssetsDelivering the Print Master, M&E, and Stems of a QuickTime Project and Verifying and Finalizing Final Audio Paperwork

Mark Cross

Author & Instructor

Mark Cross is a successful producer, composer, and mixer with an extensive discography in both film and television that spans over two decades. He currently composes for the NBC prime-time hit show Last Comic Standing, and contributes additional music to the Fox prime-time hit series American Idol, HBO's Curb Your Enthusiasm, Kathy Griffin's My Life on the D List (on Bravo), and Denise Richards's It's Complicated (on E!).

Other recent projects include composing for NASA and The X-Prize Foundation, scoring the award-winning short Undefended for the Directors Guild of America, and working with James Newton Howard, Martin Davich, and Youssou N'Dour on the score for I Bring What I Love, a documentary on N'Dour's career, focusing on his controversial Grammy-winning album Egypt.

Cross has created musical themes for Nickelodeon's Wow Wow Wubbzy, the Seinfeld Season 8 DVD, as well as producing and performing with Grammy winner John Legend on HBO's Curb Your Enthusiasm. He has worked on numerous albums, film scores, and television episodes, including the Grammy-winning I Am Shelby Lynne, Randy Newman's Oscar-nominated and Grammy-winning CARS and Meet the Parents score and soundtracks, along with mixing hundreds of episodes of the NBC prime-time show ER. Cross has been a voting NARAS member (Grammy Awards) since 2000 and served in the NARAS Producers & Engineers Wing from 2007 to present (he is currently Committee Chair). He now sits on the 2008-2010 NARAS Board of Governors.

Pro Tools 101 or Producing with Pro Tools and Pro Tools 110, or equivalent knowledge or experience. Students must be proficient working within Pro Tools and have the ability to perform basic record, edit, and mix tasks.


Pro Tools 10 or higher.PC Web Browser: Firefox (Recommended), Chrome, Internet Explorer 10 or higherMac Web Browser: Firefox (Recommended), Chrome, SafariFlash Player: current versionQuickTime: current versionAdobe Reader: current versionCustomized SFX Library "The Edge Edition 2" from The Hollywood Edge
Pro Tools-compatible audio interfaceMicrophone to record dialogue, Foley, and custom sound effects, such as the AKG 414, Rode NTK, Audio Technica 4030, Neuman KM84, Sennheiser 416, or Shure SM57High quality headphones (Sony 7506 or equivalent)2 GB RAM, 4 GB Recommended (Pro Tools 12 requires 8 GB)

For detailed system requirements, check the Avid support page:

Windows 7 or higher
OS X 10.7 or higherIntel Mac


Got a question? Contact our Academic Advisors by phone at 1-866-BERKLEE (U.S.), 1-617-747-2146 (INT'L), or by email at We can also answer basic questions in the comments below. Please note that all comments are public.

Next Term Starts June 27

  • Level
  • Duration
    12 weeks
  • 3-Credit Tuition
  • or
  • Non-Credit Tuition Add 6 CEUs
    $1,200 + $25

Contact an Advisor

Mon-Thu, 9AM-8PM ET
Fri, 9AM-5PM ET
Call or Text Us at

Int'l: +1-617-747-2146

Create an Account

Secure form. Berklee Online will not sell or rent your email address to third parties. Our privacy policy.
Sample a Lesson