Music Theory 101
Authored by Paul Schmeling
Course Code: OHARM-101
Pitch. Rhythm. Scales. Intervals. Chords. Harmony. If you're serious about music, these are fundamental concepts you need to understand and master. Music Theory 101 will set you on your way. After more than 40 years at Berklee, Professor Emeritus Paul Schmeling has helped countless students build a solid base of musical knowledge. And he'll do the same for you, supported by class discussions, interactive tools, and personalized feedback that will help you put these theories into practice every day. Join our community of beginning learners for an engaging, hands-on music theory course where you'll read, write, and truly hear the elements of music like never before. Enroll today!
Lesson 1: Rhythm Part I
- Rhythmic Notation Activities
Lesson 2: Rhythm Part II
- Eighth Notes
- Beaming, Dots, and Ties
- Rhythmic Notation Tips
- Rhythmic Dictation Activity
- Rhythmic Notation Activity
Lesson 3: Pitch Notation
- ABCs of Pitch Notation
- Treble Clef Notes
- Bass Clef Notes
- Grand Staff
- Accidentals: Sharps, Flats, and Naturals
Lesson 4: Major Scales
- Half Steps and Whole Steps
- Chromatic Scales
- Whole Tone Scales
- Major Scales
- Other Major Scales
- Key Signatures
- Scales and Key Signatures
Lesson 5: Minor Scales
- The Minor Scale Sound
- The Relative Major/Minor Relationship
- Parallel Minor
- Harmonic Minor
- Melodic Minor
- The Descending Melodic Minor Scale
- The Real Melodic Minor Scale
- Minor Scale Key Signatures
Lesson 6: Intervals
- Interval Number Names
- Interval Sound
- Perfect and Major Intervals
- Major vs. Minor Intervals
- Perfect/Major vs. Diminished
- Perfect/Major vs. Augmented
- Compound Intervals
Lesson 7: Chords I: Triads
- Major Triads
- Minor Triads
- Diminished and Augmented Triads
- Chord Symbols
Lesson 8: Triad Inversions
- Triad Inversions
- Bass/Chord Theory
- Voice Leading
- Parallel and Contrary Motion
Lesson 9: Chords II: Basic Seventh Chords
- The Major Seventh Chord
- The Dominant Seventh Chord
- The Minor Seventh Chord
- The Minor 7
- The Diminished Seventh Chord
- Chord Symbols and Review
Lesson 10: Inversions and Voice: Leading of Seventh Chords
- Inversions of Basic Seventh Chords
- Positions of Basic Seventh Chords
- Voice Leading Seventh Chords
- Voice Leading: Two Ways
Lesson 11: Using the Lead Sheet
- Harmonizing the Melody
- Creating Harmonic Accompaniments
- Voice Doublings
- Increasing Activity in the Bass
Lesson 12: Melody Writing
- Making Melodic Connections
- Repeating Phrases
Prerequisites and Course-Specific Requirements
Take the Music Theory self-assessment quiz to determine your level.
- Berklee Music Theory: Book 1 by Paul Schmeling, Berklee Press/Hal Leonard
- Berklee Music Theory: Book 2 by Paul Schmeling, Berklee Press/Hal Leonard
After enrolling, please check the Getting Started section of your course for potential deals on required materials. Our Student Deals page also features several discounts you can take advantage of as a current student. Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org for any questions.
General Course Requirements
Below are the minimum requirements to access the course environment and participate in live chats. Please make sure to also check the Prerequisites and Course-Specific Requirements section above, and ensure your computer meets or exceeds the minimum system requirements for all software needed for your course.
- Latest version of Google Chrome
- Zoom meeting software (available in the course when joining your first chat)
- Speakers or headphones
- External or internal Microphone
- Broadband Internet connection
Author & Instructor
Paul Schmeling is a master pianist, interpreter, improviser and arranger who has inspired countless students since he began teaching at Berklee in 1961. He has performed or recorded with jazz greats such as Clark Terry, Rebecca Parris, George Coleman, Carol Sloane, Frank Foster, Art Farmer, Herb Pomeroy, Phil Wilson, Dick Johnson and Slide Hampton. In the 1990s, the Paul Schmeling Trio released two inventive and critically acclaimed albums, interpreting the music of Hoagy Carmichael and songs associated with Frank Sinatra. Recently retired as chair of the piano department, he is co-author of the Berklee Practice Method: Keyboard (2001) and Instant Keyboard (2002) and the author of Berklee Music Theory: Book 1.
Russell Hoffmann is Assistant Professor of Piano at Berklee College of Music and is a pianist, recording artist, composer and arranger in many styles of contemporary music, including jazz, Latin, and pop styles. He has served as musical director for Concord recording artist Marlena Shaw and the University of Minnesota's "Twelve Moods for Jazz" Langston Hughes project. He has performed with many jazz luminaries, including Jack McDuff, James Moody, Billy Hart, Donald Harrison, Bobbie McFerrin, Peter Lietch, and many of Boston's finest jazz artists. As a clinician, Russ has appeared in Berklee's Italy summer program, Umbria Jazz Festival, Perugia, Italy; Berklee in Taipei; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Heineken Jazz Fest, San Juan, Puerto Rico; and the Berklee Annual Jazz Festival. He is the author of workbooks on keyboard comping, ensemble performance, and co-author of the Berklee Practice Method: Keyboard.
Roberta Radley is Assistant Chair in the Ear Training Department at Berklee College of Music. A Berklee graduate with a degree in composition, she joined the faculty in 1976. Since then, Radley has taught a wide range of ear training classes, using innovative methods to help students hear music more analytically, and earning recognition for Outstanding Achievement in Music Education from Berklee College of Music. Co-author of the Department Core Curriculum Ear Training 1-4 books as well as author of the Harmonic Ear Training DVD on Berklee Press, Roberta has traveled widely on behalf of Berklee, holding scholarship auditions, working with affiliated schools, and presenting seminars across the U.S. and internationally. Additionally, Roberta is an active performer as a pianist and vocalist, and an experienced private piano and voice instructor.
Dave Limina is an associate professor in the Piano department at Berklee College of Music, where he received the Most Valuable Contribution to the Performance Curriculum Award in 2001 for his work in developing the Hammond organ program. An experienced session keyboardist, composer, and arranger, Dave has performed with Ronnie Earl and the Broadcasters, Lori McKenna, Duke Robillard, Gloria Estefan, Mark Murphy, Scott Hamilton, the first national touring company of the Broadway musical Rent, and many others. He received Boston Music Award nominations for his work with Courage Brothers, Ronnie Earl, and Mighty Sam McClain, and has played on several Grammy-nominated recordings. He played keyboards on Michelle Willson's Wake Up Call, which won a Boston Music Award in 2001. Dave does extensive session work in Boston, New York, and LA. He is the author of Hammond Organ Complete (Berklee Press) and the instructional video/DVD Accelerate Your Keyboard Playing. His playing is featured on many TV and film soundtracks.
Melissa Howe comes to the Office of the President following many years on faculty and five years as chair of the String Department. Teaching has been an integral part of her life as a musician. "Performing music, teaching music, and reflecting on music create a very constructive and creative feedback loop," Howe says. Her evolving roles at the college have broadened her understanding of the meaning of music and music education in today's world. As faculty, her mission was to guide each student toward self-discovery and technical mastery. As department chair, she supported several hundred students and their faculty, seeking out the right tools to enable students to lay their foundation for their life’s work. Now, as chief of staff, she ensures that the mission and vision of Berklee—to educate, train, and develop students to excel in music as a career—plays out everywhere in the daily life of the college. To do this, she works as an active and integral link between President Roger H. Brown and the college as a whole, ensuring that the institution’s strategic initiatives are on track and executed efficiently and thoughtfully.
During her tenure, she has actively engaged in the many faces of Berklee's contemporary music scene, having recorded viola for a food opera, presented Berklee's first Video Game String Quartet concert, and played concerts as diverse as the Beatles’ White Album, a Harry Belafonte tribute, and the Brahms Clarinet Quintet. Howe trained at Oberlin Conservatory and Boston University. Beyond her role at the college, she performs with ensembles such as the Boston Ballet, the Boston Pops, and the Boston Landmarks Orchestra, as well as with contemporary artists such as Björk, Aerosmith, Ben Folds, Amanda Palmer, and Rascal Flatts. Read Less
Guitarist, composer, educator Steven Kirby (“a guitarist of rippling technique and a poetic mind”- Downbeat) has built a reputation for performing exciting, melodic, lyrical and expressive jazz as well as being active as a performer in other contemporary styles. He has appeared on over 20 released recordings including three as a leader “Point Of Balance” and “North Light” (both on Challenge Records)—and “Illuminations” (on WCS records). “Illuminations” received Downbeat Magazine’s “Editors Pick” award. He has performed and/or recorded with many of today’ most respected contemporary musicians including Chris Potter, Mike Manieri (Steps Ahead), Joe Lovano, Steve Hunt, Allan Holdsworth, Matt Malley (of Counting Crows) and others. He has toured in the U.S., Canada, Caribbean, Europe, China and Africa.
Kirby’s music has been played on over 100 radio stations in the US and internationally including features on NPR’s “Here and Now”, “Jazz with Bob Parlocha” and “Eric in the Evening”.
His jazz compositions have won awards in the International Songwriting Competition, the Billboard Song Contest and Downbeat. He is a graduate of Berklee College of Music and has a Masters degree in Jazz Composition and Arranging from University of Massachusetts (Amherst). He is currently on the music faculty at 3 institutions of higher education: Berklee College of Music, Brandeis University, Wellesley College. Read Less
Rick McLaughlin’s work has been heard all over the world. A band leader, side-man, and member of the Grammy-nominated jazz group Either/Orchestra, he has performed on stages and in recording studios in places ranging from greater Boston, MA to Los Angeles, CA; from Barcelona, Spain to Rome, Italy; and from Phuket, Thailand to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Dozens of CDs feature Rick McLaughlin, including his own debut as a leader, Study of Light, which garnered critical acclaim (“…illuminates your aural universe with singleness and sincerity.” – Marcel Polgar, Double Bassist Magazine). He has shared the stage with a wide range of musicians, from jazz luminaries such as Don Byron, Steve Lacy, John Medeski, Danilo Perez, and John Zorn, to rock musicians Willie “Loco” Alexander, Morphine and Peter Wolf, and country music star Roger Miller. A frequent collaborator with musicians from all over the globe, McLaughlin has also performed with Ethiopia’s great singers Mahmoud Ahmed and Alemayhu Eshete, as well as the innovator behind Ethio-Jazz, Mulatu Astatke.
Although primarily known as a bassist, McLaughlin is a highly regarded teacher, most notably as Associate Professor of Harmony at Berklee College of Music, but formerly in a variety of faculty, administrative, and clinician positions at other music schools as well. These positions capitalize on the work McLaughlin has done in addition to his bass playing, as a published author, composer, and arranger.
McLaughlin graduated from the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, MA with both B.M. and M.M. degrees, the latter he received with Academic Honors and Distinction in Performance. Former endorsements include AlterEGO instruments, Gallien-Krueger amplifiers, and Hohner Melodicas. For more information please visit Rickmclaughlin.com Read Less
When taken for credit, Music Theory 101 can be applied towards these associated programs: