R&B Vocals

Authors: Gabrielle Goodman, Jeff Ramsey   •   Course Code: OVOIC-243

Learn R&B vocals from the masters in this extensive online course. Written by Gabrielle Goodman and Jeff Ramsey, who together bring years of experience performing and recording with legendary artists like Roberta Flack, Al Jarreau, Patrice Rushen, Maxwell, Whitney Houston, Diana Ross and Mary J. Blige, this course is the perfect introduction to learning the proper approach to singing R&B music.

In this 12-week course, you'll explore the foundations of effective R&B singing, including phrasing, riffing, and shouting - in addition to traditional vocal technique used for overall healthy singing. The course begins with a history of R&B music from a vocal standpoint, including the use of falsetto by Doo Wop artists such as the Platters. Since R&B is a style that has a large improvisational component, you will also study improvisation techniques in this genre ranging from the shouts of Little Richard to the riffs of Chaka Khan. You will discover how various scales, like the pentatonic and blues scales, are used in R&B to create a truly soulful sound. You will learn to properly utilize diaphragmatic breathing, range extension, vocal textures, and much more.

This course covers the vocal techniques of the key singers in the R&B genre, including Stevie Wonder, Aretha Franklin, Ray Charles, Jackie Wilson, James Brown, Marvin Gaye, Curtis Mayfield, Michael Jackson, Beyonce and many more.

The goal of the course is to enable you to sing in the R&B style with facility and freedom. You'll also gain a clear awareness of R&B phrasing, scale patterns, proper breathing, pitch accuracy, and clear rhythmic articulation. By the end of the course, you will be able to demonstrate solid vocal technique, as well as stylistic authenticity in the R&B genre.

By the end of the course you will be able to:

  • Learn classic R&B repertoire, as well as the music of contemporary R&B artists
  • Use vocal phrasing for the R&B style, employing syncopation and rhythmic articulation
  • Understand improvisation techniques for R&B singing including blues scales, blue notes, pentatonic scales, slurring, and belting
  • Learn the history of R&B music as it relates to songs performed
  • Employ basic vocal techniques, including breathing, placement range extension, and vocal textures

Lesson 1: R&B History and Performance Techniques

  • Defining R&B
  • Introduction of Basic Warm-Ups and Basic Vocal Technique
  • Early R&B Music and Its Relationship to The Blues
  • A Brief Discussion of Key Suitability for Your Blues

Lesson 2: Early Forms of R&B

  • Ribcage Expansion
  • The Blues Form and Scale as It Relates to R&B
  • Improvisational Styles of Early R&B Artists
  • R&B Improvisation Showcase: Ray Charles
  • R&B Improvisation Showcase: Jackie Wilson
  • R&B Improvisation Showcase: Sam & Dave
  • Doo Wop Songs and Groups: The Use Of Legato and Falsetto
  • Doo Wop Showcase: The Platters

Lesson 3: The Motown Era

  • Registers, Releasing the Jaw, and Developing Range
  • Vocal Styles Used in the Motown Era
  • Informal Diction and the Use of Colloquial Expressions

Lesson 4: Aretha Franklin, James Brown, and Soul Music

  • Registers, Voice Classifications, and the Importance of the Chest Voice in R&B
  • Characteristics of R&B and the Similarities in Gospel Singing
  • Vocal Improvisation Showcase: Aretha Franklin
  • Vocal Style Showcase: James Brown
  • The Connection Between Gospel Music of the 1960s and Its Relationship to R&B

Lesson 5: R&B Music of The Early 1970s: Soul and Funk

  • Discovering Forward Placement
  • Falsetto Singing Spotlight: Marvin Gaye and Curtis Mayfield
  • Falsetto Singers, the Sweet Sopranos, and Discovering Forward Placement
  • Performance and Expression
  • Singing Over the Ending Vamp While Using Light Textures

Lesson 6: Transforming Pop and Folk songs into R&B

  • Using Crescendo
  • Vocal Dynamics
  • The Groove and The Importance of Accented Beats and Syllables
  • Examples of Song Transformation into R&B

Lesson 7: R&B Music Mid 70s to 80s

  • Soul/Disco and Soul/Funk Groove Patterns
  • Nuances and Affectations
  • Vowel Modification and Sung Speech
  • Stevie Wonder

Lesson 8: Gospel Influences in R&B/ Soul and Vice Versa

  • Summary of 70's- 80's Gospel artists
  • Glissando and Its Usage in Gospel and R&B
  • R&B Artists Who Grew Up Singing in Church

Lesson 9: Prince, Michael Jackson, and Adult Contemporary R&B

  • The Music of Prince
  • Vocal Textures Used by Michael Jackson
  • Covered Tone
  • Adult Contemporary/Quiet Storm

Lesson 10: New Jack Swing and Pop/R&B

  • New Jack Swing
  • Whitney Houston
  • The Commercialization of Melisma in Popular Music
  • Babyface

Lesson 11: Hip Hop Soul

  • Hip Hop Soul
  • Crossover Commercial Success of R&B to Mainstream

Lesson 12: R&B Mid/Late 90's – Current

  • Summary of Neo Soul Artists
  • Beyonce
  • Putting it into Motion

Gabrielle Goodman

Author & Instructor

Gabrielle Goodman is a professor of music at the Berklee College of Music in the Voice Department. Gabrielle is well-versed in jazz, R&B, classical, as well as gospel, Gabrielle Goodman has performed with Chaka Khan, Al Jarreau, Nancy Wilson, and Roberta Flack, who calls Goodman "one of the finest singers around today." Her 1993 JMT/Polygram debut release "Travelin' Light," featuring Kevin Eubanks on guitar, saxophonist Gary Thomas, and drummer Buddy Williams, brought Goodman international acclaim. She received standing ovations for her performances at the North Sea and Montreux jazz festivals. Her second release, "Until We Love," features bassist Christian McBride, pianist Mulgrew Miller, drummer Terri Lyne Carrington, and saxophonist Gary Bartz. Goodman is also featured on recordings by Norman Connors and Lonnie Liston Smith.

Goodman won an ASCAP Songwriting Award for "You Can Make the Story Right," which she wrote with Chaka Khan, and she also penned jazz compositions for her two CDs. Goodman has performed in both classical and jazz idioms with the Syracuse Symphony, the Baltimore Symphony, the Baltimore Opera, and the National Symphony. Her theatrical appearances include Maya Angelou's gospel/opera "King," and the Canadian production of "Ain't Misbehavin'" costarring Dee Dee Bridgewater. Goodman's television appearances include the David Letterman show, Arsenio Hall, A&E Channel, the BBC, and the German TV show "Talk and Swing."


Jeff Ramsey

Author

Jeff Ramsey is an Associate Professor at Berklee College of Music. Jeff has toured and recorded the world over for such artists as Lalah Hathaway, Al Jarreau, Patrice Rushen, Maxwell, Celine Dion, Whitney Houston, Diana Ross, and Barbara Streisand, just to name a few. He's done commercials in radio and television for Burger King, Levi 501, Mountain Dew, and Michelob. Jeff has done solo work for many different projects including famed Tower of Power bassist, Rocco Prestia's cd entitled "Everybody On The Bus", and James Day's ep "Remember When" and CD "Better Days" with the latter two garnering the UK hit "Don't Waste The Pretty." Recently, Jeff lent his voice to James Day's 2nd CD project, "Natural Things," released May 11th, 2009.

Jeff's vocals can also be heard on a project released in 2009 on Plastic City entitled DKMA Presents Andrastea - The Ascent as well as a compilation CD released by Plastic City entitled Deep Train 6- Dedication. Jeff is also an educator and shares his experiences on the road and in the studio with his students at Berklee College where he is an Associate Professor in the Voice Department. He continues to sing doing session dates and performing around the New England area and released his solo debut CD entitled My Best, in the Fall of 2009. For more info, visit www.jefframseymusic.com.

Prerequisites

Students must have basic vocal technique including the ability to match pitches and possess a strong sense of rhythm.

Suggested Preparation: In order to strengthen the skills listed above we recommend that students take Voice Technique 101.


Required Textbook

Vocal Improvisation: Techniques in Jazz, R&B, and Gospel Improvisation by Gabrielle Goodman, Goodness Music


Software Requirements

  • A basic audio recording tool that will allow you to record yourself playing along with a background track and save the recording in MP3 format. You will have a tool to use for this purpose inside the learning environment. Alternatively, you can use software like Audacity, GarageBand, or a Digital Audio Workstation (DAW).

Mac Users

  • OS X 10.9 Mavericks or higher (click here for system requirements)
  • Latest version of Google Chrome

Windows Users

  • Windows 7 or higher (click here for system requirements)
  • Latest version of Google Chrome

Hardware Requirements

  • A built-in microphone or an external microphone plugged directly into your computer (via built in ports or an external audio interface)
  • A printer is recommended, so that you can print out music examples used in the course
  • 2 GB RAM (4 GB recommended)
  • 500 MB hard drive space
  • Speakers or headphones
  • Webcam
  • Internet connection with at least 4 Mbps download speed (http://www.speedtest.net to verify or download the Speedtest by Ookla app from your mobile app store)

Comments

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  • Level
  • Duration
    12 weeks
  • 3-Credit Tuition
    $1,479
  • or
  • Non-Credit Tuition
    $1,229

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